In the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus quotes extensively from the Old Testament to illustrate how He fulfills the prophecies and promises of God.
Through His teachings and parables, Jesus demonstrates how the Scriptures point to Him as the long-awaited Messiah. Some of the Old Testament books that Jesus quotes from in Matthew include Psalms, Isaiah, and Deuteronomy.
Jesus quotes to teach about love, forgiveness, justice, and other important aspects of faith. By citing the Old Testament, Jesus also shows how the Scriptures are relevant to our lives today and how they can guide us in our own spiritual journeys.
And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”
This question comes straight from Psalm 22:1.
When we first read Jesus’ cry of despair, it may seem like He has lost all hope. However, as we look closer, we see that He remains faithful to God the Father. He continues to quote Scripture and put His trust in the power of God’s Word.
Jesus sets an important example for us: we can rely on the Psalms to help us express our emotions and thoughts. Just as Jesus chose this particular Psalm to express His own suffering, we too can turn to the Psalms to express our own pain, struggles, and desires. They are a trustworthy guide for our hearts and souls.
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But the word that is written in their Law must be fulfilled: “They hated me without a cause.”
This phrase comes from Psalms 35:19 and 69:4.
One of the main reasons why Jesus quotes from Scripture is to demonstrate how He fulfills the prophecies and promises of the Old Testament.
Through His quotes, Jesus wanted to make it clear to His audience that He was the promised Messiah foretold in the Psalms. He was the Lamb of God who had come to take away the sins of the world. Jesus wanted everyone to know that He was indeed the Messiah.
The Scripture will be fulfilled, “He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.”
This phrase comes from Psalm 41:9.
Jesus had a conversation with His disciples about Judas Iscariot, the one who was going to betray Him. This was an important moment because Jesus demonstrated that He saw His life through the lens of Scripture. He knew that the entire Bible was ultimately about Him.
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For I tell you, you will not see me again, until you say, “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.”
This phrase comes from Psalm 118:26.
In Matthew 23:37, while lamenting over Jerusalem, Jesus utters these words: “the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it!”
The following verse, 39, marks the end of this lament. Through this lament, we get a glimpse of God’s people before and after Jesus’ death and resurrection.
Despite Jesus’ sacrifice, we rejected Him. As Paul noted:
God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. (Romans 5:8)
Thanks to His sacrifice on the cross, we can now come closer to Him and praise Him, saying, “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” Jesus has saved us so that we can worship Him.
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